WhatsApp on Tuesday rolled out its video calling feature in a phased manner to over a billion users around the world across multiple platforms (iphone, Android and Windows).WhatsApp, which currently offers messaging, group chats and voice calling services is hugely popular in India, with over 150 million active users.
In a blog post, the company announced that it was committed to making quality video “available to everyone, not just those who can afford the most expensive new phones or live in countries with the best cellular networks.”
Its video quality is optimised to work with poor bandwidth and connectivity, unlike services like Skype that get affected if bandwidth is poor, a huge advantage in a country like India with poor connectivity.
The release of the video calling feature has placed WhatsApp in direct competition with a number of popular apps like Google’s Duo and Apple’s FaceTime.
Other cross-platform apps that also support video calling include Viber, Facebook Messenger and Skype. But how secure are all of them?
WhatsApp says the end-to-end encryption would apply to its video-calling feature. as in its messaging and voice call features. With this facility, there is technically no possibility of someone tapping into calls or texts, not even the company itself.
Earlier this year, CNN reported that the Facebook-owned app was blocked in Brazil because it refused to provide user data to help with criminal investigation.
In October, Facebook added a ‘Secret Conversations’ feature to its Messenger app (which includes video calls) but users are required to manually opt for it every single time it’s launched. Facebook Messenger also does not have end-to-end encryption.
Israeli app Viber also claims all its features are end-to-end encrypted but does mention that user information may be disclosed to law enforcement, governmental agencies, or authorised third parties under certain conditions. Snapchat follows the same policy.
Apple has claimed it doesn’t store FaceTime calls on any servers, and “wouldn’t be able to comply with a wiretap order even if we wanted to.” Google’s Duo has end-to end-encryption, though Allo doesn’t by default. Google Hangouts and Microsoft Skype do use some kind of encryption though not end-to-end.
However, while messages and calls may be end-to end-encrypted, the company can still see the meta data, including date, time stamps, mobile phone numbers involved in the messages and other information, though they may not be able to decipher what is in the message.
The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), which calls itself “the leading nonprofit organisation defending civil liberties in the digital world”, compiled its own ‘secure messaging’ scorecard for all such apps based on various criteria such as encryption, identity verification, independent security and code audits. And WhatsApp seems to rank the highest — in terms of security — among the aforementioned apps (Skype, Viber and Snapchat feature very low).
In addition, EFF provides some alternative services such as Signal/Redphone, Silent Text, Telegram and Retro Share (all independently developed) which check every box in the security scorecard. It also claims that the scorecard becomes outdated every now and then as features in apps go through continuous changes almost every day